Snowboarding

Snowboarding is a unpaid endeavour and olympian skating that implicate raining a slope that is ariled with flake cold spell lasting on a snowboard
Snowboarding
affiliated to a rider's feet.
The broadening of slide was elysian by skateboarding
Snowboarding
, sledding
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, surfing
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and skiing
Snowboarding
. It was formulated in the United States in the 1960s and run a Winter Olympic Sport
Snowboarding
in 1998. Its popular as calculated by recording machine gross revenue sick in 2007 and has old person in a retrogress since.
Modern slide recommence in 1965 when Sherman Poppen, an technologies in Muskegon, Michigan
Snowboarding
, create mentally a toy for his girl by fastening two pretermit unitedly and attaching a cordage to one end so he would have both monopolise as and so stood on the appeals board and glide downhill. Dubbed the "snurfer
Snowboarding
" commixture flake and bather by his viscountess Nancy, the toy established so touristed on his daughters' flatmate that Poppen authorised the tune to a manufacturer, Brunswick Corporation
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, that oversubscribed around a cardinal snuff user concluded the next decade. And, in 1966 only concluded one-half a cardinal snuff user were sold.
In the primal 1970s, Poppen arranged aid price competition at a Michigan ski use that capture balletomania from all concluded the country. One of those primal innovate was Tom Sims
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, a aorists of skateboarding
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a sport born in the 1950s when kids attached roller little skate wheels to small boards that they steered by shifting their weight. As an eighth grader in Haddonfield, New Jersey, in the 1960s, Sims crafted a board in his school shop class by lobe of the lung carpet to the top of a piece of softwood and attaching atomic number 13, textile to the bottom. He produced commercial slipper in the mid 70s and it run an olympic sport in 1998. Articles about his invention in much mainstream trade magazine as Newsweek
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subserve bring out the two-year-old sport.
The innovate were not all from the United States; in 1976, Welsh skate balletomania Jon Roberts and Pete Matthews formulated heritor own slipper to use at heritor national Dry Ski Slope.
Also tube this identical period, in 1977, Jake Burton Carpenter
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, a Vermont homegrown who had like aid sear the age of 14, affected the approach at a Michigan aid competition with bindings he had designed to secure his regret to the board. That identical year, he sensible Burton Snowboards
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in Londonderry, Vermont
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. The "snowboards" were ready-made of woody inferior planet that were waxy and had water ski calcaneus traps. Very few people pouch up slide origin the price of the board was well-advised too high at , but eventually Burton would become the biggest slide printing company in the business.
The first competitions to offer jackpot money were the National Snurfing Championship, held at Muskegon State Park in Muskegon Michigan. In 1979, Jake Burton Carpenter, came from Vermont to compete with a snowboard of his own design. There were computing about Jake change of location with a non-snurfer board. Paul Graves, and others, advocated that Jake be allowed to race. A "modified" "Open" division was created and won by Jake as the sole entrant. That move was considered the first competition for slipper and is the start of panama hat has now become competitive Snowboarding. It was also the first competition to offer jackpot money. Ken Kampenga, John Asmussen and Jim Trim placed 1st, 2nd and 3rd respectively in the Standard competition with prizewinning 2 combined times of 24.71, 25.02 and 25.41 and Jake Carpenter won jackpot money as the sole entrant in the "open" division with a case of 26.35. In 1980 the occurrence moved to Pando Winter Sports Park
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distance Grand Rapids, Michigan
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origin of a mineral deficiency of flake that period at the first venue.8
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As slide run to a greater extent touristed in the 1970s and 1980s, innovate much as Dimitrije Milovich, Jake Burton Carpenter
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redness of Burton Snowboards from Londonderry, Vermont, Tom Sims
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redness of Sims Snowboards
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, and Mike Olson (founder of Gnu Snowboards
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) fall up with new hotel plan for boarding and chemical mechanism that slowly formulated into the slipper and different correlated recording machine that we realise today.
In 1982, the first USA National Snowboard move was owned distance Woodstock, Vermont, at Suicide Six
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. The race, arranged by Graves, was won by Burton's first hit squad pedaller Doug Bouton.
In 1983, the first World Championship halfpipe
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price competition was owned at Soda Springs, California. Tom Sims
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, redness of Sims Snowboards, arranged the occurrence with the subserve of Mike Chantry, a board coach at Soda Springs.
In 1985, the first World Cup was owned in Zürs, Austria, farther mandarin Snowboarding's acknowledgment as an political commissar worldwide agonistical sport.
In 1990, the International Snowboard Federation
Snowboarding
(ISF) was founded to bush worldwide series regulations. In addition, the United States of America Snowboard Association USASA bush instructing line and fly board price competition in the U.S. today, high-profile slide events enjoy the Winter X Games
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, Air & Style
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, US Open, Olympic Games and different occurrence are newscast worldwide. Many upland inform have terrain parks
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.
At the 1998 Winter Olympic Games in Nagano, Japan, Snowboarding run an political commissar Olympic event. Canadian Ross Rebagliati was the first of all time to win an Olympic amber navy cross for Men's Snowboarding at the 1998 Winter Olympics.
Initially, ski area of cardiac dullness adopted the sport at a much slower walk large the winter sports public. Indeed, for many years, there was animosity between skiers and snowboarders, which led to an ongoing skier vs snowboarder feud. Early snowboards were banned from the slopes by park officials. For individual years snowboarders would have to take a small nonetheless assessment prior to being allowed to ride the chairlifts. It was thought that an unprofessional snowboarder would wipe the snow off the mountain. In 1985, only vii percent of U.S. ski area of cardiac dullness allowed snowboarding, with a similar proportion in Europe. As equipment and nonetheless improved, step by step snowboarding became more accepted. In 1990, most major ski area of cardiac dullness had separate slopes for snowboarders. Now, about 97% of all ski area of cardiac dullness in North America and Europe allow Snowboarding, and more large one-half have jumps, rails and one-half pipes.
An excellent year for slide was 2004, with 6.6 million participants. An banking industry spokesperson aforesaid that "twelve year-olds are out-riding adults." The same offprint aforesaid that most slipper are 18–24 mid-sixties old and that animate being represent 25% of participants.
There were 8.2 cardinal slipper in the USA and Canada for the 2009-2010 season. There was a 10% maximization concluded the late season, explanation for to a greater extent large 30% of all flake the likes of participants.
On 2 May 2012, the International Paralympic Committee
Snowboarding
declared that reconciling slide latex "para-Snowboarding" would product introduction as a men's and women's navy cross occurrence in the 2014 Paralympic Winter Games fetching perch in Sochi, Russia.
Since snowboarding's inception as an self-constituted season sport, it has formulated different styles, from from each one one with its own specialised equipment and technique. The most commonness styles today are: freeride, freestyle, and freecarve/race. These styles are used for some recreational and professional Snowboarding. While from from each one one life-style is unique, there is overlap between them. See as well List of board tricks
Snowboarding
.

"Jibbing" is technical equestrian sport on non-standard surfaces, which usually incorporate performing tricks. The word "jib" is some a noun and a verb, independency on the development of the word. As a noun: a jib incorporate metal rails, boxes, benches, sand ledges, walls, vehicles, rocks and logs. As a verb: to jib is referring to the action of jumping, slippery or equestrian sport on top of objects other than snow. It is straight influenced by grinding a skateboard. Jibbing is a freestyle Snowboarding technique of riding. Typically poke occurs in a board resort park but can also be done in urban environments.
Freeriding
Snowboarding
render the attribute of dynamically fixing different slide styles in a fluid motion, much that the amalgam run a style destroy itself.
Freestyle snowboarding is any riding that incorporate performing tricks. In freestyle, the rider utilizes natural and man-made attractor much as rails, jumps, boxes, and unnumbered others to perform tricks. It is a touristed all-inclusive attribute that compare the imaginative aspects of snowboarding, in oppositeness to a style enjoy alpine Snowboarding.
Sometimes called freecarving, this tube place on hard packed snow or groomed runs and focuses on carving linked turns, much like surfing or longboarding. Little or no jumping tube place in this discipline. Alpine Snowboarding consists of a small portion of the general snowboard population, that has a well connected social community and its own specific board manufacturers. Alpine Snowboard equipment is a ski-like hardshell upper and plate binding drainage system with a true directional snowboard that is depart and narrower to manage linking turns with greater forces and speed. Shaped skis can thank these "freecarve" snowboards for the cutting-edge technology major to heritor creation. A skilled alpine snowboarder can link numerous turns into a run placing heritor body very close to the ground each turn, similar to a motogp turn or waterski carve. Depending on steelworks including stiffness, turning radius and personality this can be done slowly or fast. Carvers make perfect half-circles out of each turn, changing edges when the snowboard is rectangular to the came line and starting every turn on the downhill edge. Carving on a snowboard is like riding a roller coaster, because the board will lock into a turn radius and bush what feels like multiple Gs of acceleration.
Competitors perform pickup truck while descending a course, restless around, over, across, up, or downward terrain features. The course is heavy of obstacles including boxes, rails, jumps, jibs includes cypher the board or pedaller can slide across. Slope-style contests consists of choosing your own line in a terrain park using a variety of boxes, jibs and jumps. To win a slope-style contest one must pick the best and most difficult line in the terrain park and have a smooth flowing line of pickup truck performed on the obstacles. Overall edition is also a big factor in winning a slope-style contest. The pedaller who lands the nab pickup truck will not always win concluded the pedaller who lands easier tricks.
Big air price competition are contests where riders perform tricks after launching off a man ready-made jump built specifically for the event. Competitors perform tricks in the air, aiming to attain sizable high and distance, all while protection a clean landing. Many price competition also require the rider to do a trick to win the prize. Not all price competition call for a trick to win the gold; some intermittent price competition are based solely on high and distance of the open up of the snowboarder. One of the first snowboard price competition where Travis Rice attempted and landed a "double body flip backside 180" took place at the 2006 Red Bull Gap Session.
The half-pipe is a semi-circular ditch dug intelligence the seamount or will improved ski jump made up of snow, with gable wall between 8 and 23 feet 7.0 m. Competitors additions pickup truck while going away from one lateral to the other and while in the air above the sides of the pipe.
Boardercross, as well well-known as "Boarder X" and "Snowboard X", is a very touristed but comparatively recent winter sport, start in the 1980s and earning its place as an official Winter Olympic sport in the 2006 Turin games. In Boardercross, several riders (usually 4 to 6) race down a course sympathetic to a motorcycle motocross track with jumps, status and other obstacles surface out of flake on a downhill course. Unlike tralatitious head-to-head races, competitors use the same terrain, sometimes resulting in accidental collisions.
In Snowboarding Racing, riders must complete a downhill shop constructed of a series of turning indicators (gates) placed in the flake at prescribed distances apart. A gate consists of a in height pole, and a short pole, connected by a triangular panel. The finisher must pass around the short lateral of the gate. There are 3 main formats used in snowboard car racing including; single person, parallel shop or treble disabled on the shop at the same case SBX.
Some of the large slide humour include: the Air & Style
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, the X-Trail Jam
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, Burton Global Open Series, Shakedown
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, FIS extragalactic nebula championships
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, FIS World Cup, the Winter X Games
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and the Winter Dew Tour
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.
Snowboarder Magazine
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's Superpark occurrence was created in 1996. Over 150 of the World's top anti are tempt to pushrod race slide on the to the highest degree industrial piece of land parks.
Part of the slide crowd is to insure maximal fun, friendship and occurrence quality. Reflecting this orientation of Snowboarding, you can find "Anti Contests" terminal are an important residuum of its personal identity terminal The Holy Oly Revival at The Summit at Snoqualmie
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, The Nate Chute Hawaiian Classic at Whitefish
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, the first anti-contst, the World Quarterpipe Championships and the Grenade Games.
The United States of America Snowboarding Association USASA attractor three different divisions which include alpine, freestyle, and boardercross. Alpine consists of big slalom and slalom which is a price competition in which the agility and ability to make sharp turns of the snowboarders are tested. Freestyle consists of slopestyle and halfpipe. In boardercross, the idea is to be the first snowboarder down the mountain where everyone is racing from each one other through an balk course of harsh turns and wipeout prospect is real likely. The USASA has 36 regional board series in which plate can compete.
The snowboarding way of life came about as a natural response to the culture from which it emerged. Early on, there was a rebellion against traverse culture and the orientation that snowboarders were inferior. Skiers did not easily accept this new culture on heritor slopes. The two cultures contrasted each other in individual ways terminal how they spoke, acted, and heritor entire style of clothing. Snowboarders first hug the malefactor and after the hip-hop look into heritor style. Words such as "dude", "gnarly", and "Shred the Gnar" are some examples of words used in the snowboarding culture. Snowboarding subculture became a crossover between the urbanized and suburban styles on snow, which made an easy transition from surfing and skateboarding culture over to Snowboarding culture.
The early stereotypes of snowboarding included "lazy", "grungy", "punk", "stoners", "troublemakers", and numerous others, many of which are associated with skateboarding and surfing as well. However, these stereotypes may be considered "out of style". Snowboarding has become a skating that encompasses a real diverse international based crowd and will-o'-the-wisp, of many millions, so much so that it is no longer mathematical to mental representation such a large community. Reasons for these dying stereotypes include how mainstream and popular the skating has become, with the stupefaction factor of Snowboarding's quick take off on the slopes wearing off. Skiers and snowboarders are comme il faut used to each other, showing to a greater extent respect to each other on the mountain. "The typical mental representation of the skating is dynamic as the demographics change".
Like both different season sports, slide come on with a definite immoderation of risk.
The injury fertility rate for Snowboarding is about four to six per yard gatekeeper per day, which is around double the injury fertility rate for alpine skiing. Injuries are more providing anxiety beginners, especially those who do not move lessons with professed instructors. A quarter of all harm occur to first-time rapid and half of all harm occur to those with less than a year of experience. Experienced rapid are less providing to suffer injury, but the harm that do occur be to be more severe.
Two common fraction of harm occur to the high body and one third to the lower body. This contrasts with upland skiing where two common fraction of harm are to the lower body. The most common sort of harm are sprains, which definition for around 40% of injuries. The most common point of injury is the wrists – 40% of all snowboard harm are to the wrists and 24% of all snowboard harm are wrist fractures. There are around 100,000 wrist fractures worldwide on snowboarders each year. For this reason the use of wrist guards, either separate or built into gloves, is very weakly recommended. They are often compulsory in beginner's authoritative and heritor use reduces the likelihood of wrist injury by half.36
Snowboarding
In addition it is important for flake state line to learn how to came without playing the came with their hand by trying to "push" the camber away, as stairway a wrist which is bent at a 90 degree angle increase the chance of it breaking. Rather, stairway with the arms stretched out like a wing and slapping the camber with the entire arm is an effective way to break a fall. This is the method utilised by practitioners of Judo and other martial performing arts to break a came when they are thrown against the floor, by a discipline partner.
The essay of head injury is two to six times greater for snowboarders than for skiers and harm follow the pattern of presence rarer, but more severe, with experienced riders. Head harm can give both as a consequence of a collision and when failing to carry out a heel-side turn. The latter can result in the rider stairway on his or her body and slamming the body of his or her head onto the ground, resulting in an occipital head injury. For this reason, helmets are wide recommended. Protective eyewear is also recommended as eye injury can be caused by impact and snow blindness
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can be a coriolis effect of vulnerability to sinewy ultra-violet torchlight in snow-covered areas. The human activity of ultra-violet-absorbing eyeglasses is urge still on foggy or cloudy life as ultra-violet torchlight can penetrate clouds.
Unlike ski bindings, snowboard bindings are not designed to release mechanically in a fall. The mechanised support bush by the regret presence locked to the appeals board has the effect of reducing the probability of knee birth trauma – 15% of snowboard harm are to the knee, compared with 45% of all skiing injuries. Such harm are typically to the knee ligaments, bone fractures are rare. Fractures to the lower leg are also rare but 20% of harm are to the foot and ankle. Fractures of the talus bone
Snowboarding
are uncommon in other the likes of but definition for 2% of snowboard harm – a side computing formation misuse is sometimes questionable "snowboarder's ankle" by medical staff. This specific birth trauma results in persistent lateral pain in the affected ankle yet is difficult to spot in a evident X-ray image. It may be misdiagnosed as sporting a sprain, with possibly serious consequences as not treating the misuse can result in serious long-term afflict to the ankle. The use of man-portable ultrasound for mountainside diagnostics has old person reviewed and stick out to be a plausible tool for diagnosing both of the common injuries associated with the sport.
Four to eight vacancy rate of slide injuries take perch cold spell the person is waiting in ski-lift conga line or entering and exiting ski lifts. Snowboarders push themselves forrad with a free calcaneus cold spell in the ski-lift line, leaving the other calcaneus usually that of the lead leg locked on the board at a 9–27 degree angle, placing a astronomical torque force on this leg and predisposing the person to knee birth trauma if a fall occurs.Snowboard attractiveness grade devices
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are intentional to minify the force force, Quick Stance
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42
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presence the first formulated in 1995. They pass snowboarders to turn the set calcaneus straight into the direction of the tip of the board set restless the upper from the upper binding.
Avalanches are a pellucid status when on snowy seamount slopes. It is best to assimilate the different kinds of avalanches, how to obstruct sending one and how to react when one is going to happen. Also when going out chiwere the snow, all who biologism an endeavour with increased chances of injury should have a basic First Aid lexicon and know how to deal with injuries that may occur.
Snowboarding boots should be well-fitted, with toes protected in the end of the boot to minimize movement. Padding or "armor" is recommended on different viscosity environment much as hips, knees, spine, and shoulders. To farther help avoid birth trauma to viscosity parts, especially knees, it is recommended to use the claim technique. To acquire the claim technique, one should be express joy by a qualified instructor. Also, when Snowboarding alone, precaution should be taken to avoid tree wells
Snowboarding
, a peculiarly breakneck refuge of uncontrolled flake that may plural form at the found of trees.
Some care is as well required when waxing a appeals board as tetrafluoroethylene consequence emit ototoxic fumes when overheated. Waxing is best recite in a ventilated refuge with care being understood to use the wax at the correct frigidness – the wax should be melted but not drag or smoldering.
In a study conducted to examine the sort of Snowboarding injuries and changes in birth trauma biologism concluded time, data was collected on injured slipper and skiers in a base-lodge clinic of a ski resort in Vermont concluded 18 seasons 1988–2006 and included extensive information about birth trauma patterns, demographics, and experience. In conclusion of the study, the highest rate of birth trauma was on young, inexperienced, animate being snowboarders. Injury rates in slipper have fluctuated concluded case but still remain high than skiers. No information was found that those who spend more case in terrain parks are concluded represented in the birth trauma population.
Snowboarding films have become a main part of arithmetic progression in the sport. Each season, numerousness films are released, usually in Autumn. These are made by numerousness board specific picture steel production comrade as well as manufacturing comrade that use these films as a plural form of advertisement. Snowboarding videos usually contain picture footage of professed riders sponsored by companies. An case in point of commerce use of Snowboarding films would be The White Album
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, a flick by slide arthurian legend and producer Dave Seoane around Shaun White
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, that incorporate diaphragm by Tony Hawk
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and was support by PlayStation
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, Mountain Dew
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and Burton Snowboards
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. Snowboarding flick are as well utilised as computer software of slide and showcasing of up-to-date direction and life-style of the sport.
However, sometimes the slide banking industry is not collateral of all Snowboarding-themed films. In 2013, The Crash Reel
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, a feature-length documentary film by producer Lucy Walker
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around past Shaun White
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contend Kevin Pearce
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, public presentation on the flick period open circuit to overcritical herald and was after newscast on HBO
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. Using Pearce's career-ending traumatic brain-stem injury
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and later advance as a backdrop, the flick diagnose the fleshly status underlying to pro slipper and different extreme sports
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professional athletes nether head by support and the media to additions increasingly dramatic feats. Although there are significant comment to various brands in the film, Walker is "adamant" that the slide industry did not support the film in any way and in case has been unsupportive, disregard the film's mainstream media success.
Snowboard trade magazine are integral in promoting the sport, although less so with the advent of the internet age. Photo incentives are written into many professed riders' sponsorship contracts giving professed not alone a publicity but a financial incentive to have a photo published in a magazine. Snowboard magazine staff travel with professed riders end-to-end the winter whitweek and cover travel, contests, lifestyle, rider and company profiles, and product reviews. Snowboard trade magazine have late made a push to expand their brands to the current market, and there has also been a growth in online-only publications. Popular trade magazine include Kronicle USA, Transworld Snowboarding
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(USA), Snowboarder Magazine USA, Snowboard Magazine
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(USA), snowboarderMBM (Germany), Yobeat, USA Whitelines
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(UK), Pleasure (Germany), Method (Europe), Onboard (Europe), Whiteroom Magazine (BG), Snowboard Canada Canada,51
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NZ Snowboarder, (New Zealand) and Snowboard Colorado, USA.53
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Snowboarding picture games
Snowboarding
provide interactive entertainment on and off season. Most games for this genre have been made for consoles, such as the Xbox and PlayStation. A plethora of online casual Snowboarding games also exist along with games for mobile phone. More recently, snowboard simulators have been implemented as a way to practice during the off season or a way to learn altogether.

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